The Fall Line

a true-crime serial podcast investigating under-reported and unsolved cases in the Southeast

All Rights Reserved. Any plagiarism, including but not limited to uncredited adaptation of original research, overreliance, credited or otherwise, structural plagiarism, improper paraphrasing and/or quotation will be seen as copyright/IP infringement.

Much information comes from our own field work, interviews, and public records research, We also cite the following organizations:

NAMUS

NCMEC

CHARLEY PROJECT

DNA DOE PROJECT

TRANS DOE TASK FORCE

SOVEREIGN BODIES INSTITUTE

URBAN INDIAN HEALTH INSTITUTE

UNITE HERE

POLARIS

ACLU

TRANS DAY OF REMEMBRANCE

TRANS EQUALITY

HUMAN RIGHTS CAMPAIGN

RED UMBRELLA PROJECT

GEORGIA EQUALITY PROJECT

FIND A GRAVE

US CENSUS

CITY DATA

COLD CASE PROJECT

FBI HIGHWAY SERIAL KILLINGS INITIATIVE

US CENSUS BUREAU

The following books:

Christopher Hawley Martin, Urges: a chronicle of serial killer Larry Dewayne Hall. 2010.

Deborah Halber, Skeleton Crew: how amateur sleuths are solving America’s Coldest Cases. 2015.

Ginger Strand, Killer on the road: violence and the American highway system, 2014.

Studies and articles (under construction):

Hate Violence Report: Anti-Violence Project, 2009.

Meaningful Work: Trans Experience in the Sex Trade, 2015.

Impact of Immigrant Women on America’s Labor Force, 2017.

Hands Off, Pants On: Sexual Harassment in Chicago’s Hospitality Industry, 2016.

Olivia Smith & Justine Quart, “Underground. . .” ABC News, 2016.

“Hotel Housekeeper Work Getting More Dangerous. . .” Insurance Journal, 2006.

Dave Jamison, “What Housekeepers Endure. . .” Huffington Post, 2017.

Steve Greenhouse, “Sexual Affronts Are . . .” New York Times, 2011.

Keturah Gray, “Housekeepers Use Panic Buttons. . .” ABC, 2018

Alice Robb, “New Study: Housekeepers at Risk. . .” New Republic, 2014.

Michelle Chen, “Hotel Workers Harassed. . .” The Nation, 2015.

David Brody, “How the Design of Hotels. . .” The Atlantic, 2017.

Kevin Robinson-Avila, “Immigrants a Crucial Component. . .” Albuquerque Journal, 2017.

Alexia Elejalde-Ruiz, “Chicago Rolling Out Panic Buttons. . .” Chicago Tribune, 2018.

Robin Urevich, “Housekeepers Call for Panic Buttons. . .” The Guardian, 2018.

Chabeli Herrera, “Miami Beach Fighting. . .” Miami Herald, 2018.

Josh Eidelson, “Hotels Add Panic Buttons. . .” Bloomberg, 2017.

Corey Robin, “Freezing Out Worker Safety,” Jacobin, 2016.

Jeff Martin, “Hotel Workers Seek New Safety Measures. . .” Boston Globe, 2016.

Mark Price, “Charlotte Boy’s Death Not First. . .” Charlotte Observer, 2017.

Gary Hendricks, “Hotel Guests Find Body . . .” AJC, 1995; “Man Sought as Witness,” AJC 1996;

Kathy Scruggs, “Body,” AJC 1995; “Clues Found in Two Beatings,” AJC 1996; “Coventioner Beaten,” AJC 1996; “Suspect Says Hotel Attack…” AJC, 1996; “Crime Label Precedes…” AJC, 1996;

Lynda Longa, “Guests Find Body . . .” AJC, 1995. “Man Police Wanted to Question…” AJC 1996

Christian Boone, “Case Reopened. . .” AJC, 2011.

Wilson Ring, “Man Seeks Aunt’s Killer. . .” AP, 2011.

N/A, Obituary. Atlanta Constitution, 1996.

N/A, The Advocate Reports, The Advocate, 1999.

E Bayrd, PBS Out of the Past, PBS, 1997.

Boys Don’t Cry. IMDB.

Jingle Davis, “Sex Slayings. . .”; “Bat Handle May Be Tied…” Atlanta Constitution Extra, 1999

Diana Tourjeé, “Why Do Men Kill. . .” Broadly, 2015; “Murder of Keisha Jenkins,” Broadly, 2015.

Nancy Badertscher, “A Transgender Murder. . . .” AJC, 2017.

German Lopez, “Epidemic of Violence. . .” Vox, 2015.

N/A (Associated Press), “Beating Remains Mystery. . .” Augusta Chronicle, 2001; “Attack Injures Gay Man. . .” Augusta Chronicle, 2001; “Police Have No New Leads. . .” Florida Times Union, 2001; “Dalton Transvestite Beaten. . .” Augusta Chronicle, 1999; “GBI Investigates Slaying . . .” Atlanta Journal, 1999; “Investigators Search. . . .” Augusta Chronicle, 1999; “Police Searching. . .” Augusta Chronicle, 1999;

Elliot Minor, “GBI Probes Beating. . .”; “Mother Keeps Vigil. . .” Florida Times-Union, 2001

Saeed Ahmed, “Vigil Shows Violence . . .” AJC, 2004.

Skyler Henry, “Murder of the Transgender. . .” News Channel 41, 2015.

Samantha Allen, “The Trans Murder . . .” Daily Beast, 2015.

Elizabeth Segal, “A Transition in Care,” US News Report, 2018.

Tammy Dray, “Dalton, GA…” USA TODAY, 2015.

Becky Taylor, “Do or Dye,” Tifton Gazette, 2014.

Bill Rankin, “Court Circuits Ranked…” AJC, 1998.

N/A (Associated Press), “Jacksonville Man Charged…” Tampa Tribune, 1993; “Body Found”; “Four Slayings”; “Dead Woman May Have Been”; Orlando Sentinel, 1988; "

Christopher Quinn, “Nameless Dead. . .” Orlando Sentinel, 1993.

Linda Chon, “Rural Lake Draws Killers…” Orlando Sentinel, 1992; “Public Asked to Help,” Orlando Sentinel, 1991; “Investigators Still Can’t…” Orlando Sentinel, 1991

Crystal Hayes, “Body Found 25 Years Ago . . .”; “Lake Hopes For Leads”; “Rarely Used Test…” Orlando Sentinel, 2015, 2017.

Karla Ray, “Investigates Controversial Test…” WFTV, 2017.

Lee and Anthony Redgrave, “The Incredible Postmorterm . . .” Unidentified.org, 2018.

Drs. Jooyoung Lee and Sasha Reid, “Serial Killers and Their Easy Prey,” Contexts. 2018

Kat Eschner, “Dr. William Maples. . .” Smithsonian Magazine, 2017.

Molly Bearman, “Between Male . . .” Sapiens.org, 2016.

Joshua Melvin, “The John Doe Files. . .” Mercury News, 2011.

Lai Poh Soon et. all, “The Effect of Cement and wrapping on the Decomposition rate of the Rabbit Carcasses,” University of Science Malaysia, 2017.

N/A Associated Press, 3 Year old Girl Waycross GA 1989, nickname “Christmas Doe,” 1988.

N/A, “Body of Girl, 3, Found in Georgia,” Washington Post, 1988.

N/A Associated Press, “Police Puzzled By Child's Body Found In Concrete,” 1988.

Terry Dickinson, “Child’s Body Found in Concrete. . .,” Florida Times Union, 2017.

Stephanie Springer, “Possible Break in. . .” Tifton Gazette, 2017.

“Ware County,” Wikipedia. Accessed Aug 2018.

Ware County, “About Us.”

Andrew Cauthen, “Child’s Remains Still . . .” Champion Newspaper, 2011.

Joshua B. Good, “Child's body found in DeKalb,” AJC, 1999.

R. Robin McDonald, “Discarded child: Old cemetery . . .”'; “The Search For. . .”; “Police recruits search a graveyard,” AJC, 1999.

Wayne Woolley et. all, “Boy’s Body Puts D’Wan Sims. . .” The Detroit News, 1999.

B. Brendan Singer, “Officials hope facial image reconstruction will identify youngster,” AJC 2001.

Jay Croft, “Tests reveal more about child. . .” AJC, 1999.

Gracie Bonds-Staples, “Identification of dead child haunts. . .” AJC, 2015.

Justin Ove, “Nameless 16 Years On,” The Patch, 2015.

Tom Inman, “Search Yields No Clues. . .” The Times and Democrat, 1987.

Joyce Milke, “Few Leads in Case . . .” The Times and Democrat, 1987.

Beverly D. Brown, Letter to the Editor, The Times and Democrat, 1988.

N/A, “South Carolina Briefly,” The Index Journal, 1987.

DOJ, “Homicides of Youth and Children,” 2001.

Jacqueline Urgo, “Case of Missing Tot. . .” Philadelphia Inquirer, 2009.

N/A AP, “Mother Charged. . .” Delaware Morning News, 1986.

Geoff Mulvhill, “Search Turns Up . . .” Courier-Post, 2009.

WJBF Staff, “Murdered Woman Found. . .” WJBF, 2019.

Kyle Swenson, “He Said His Wife. . .” Washington Post, 2019.

Shanna Flowers, “Search for 4-year-old. . .” Detroit Free Press, 1995.

Dennis Niemiec, “She Pleads Guilty. . .” Detroit Free Press, 1996.

David Goodman, “15 Years Later. . .” Herald Palladium, 2009.

N/A AP, “Police Halt Search. . .” Battle Creek Enquirer, 1994.

N/A, The Millen News, “Autopsy Reveals Some. . .”; “GBI Seeking Help”; “Three Arrested in Drug Raid” 1988.

Holly Lynne Deal, “Body in Suitcase. . .”; “Body is Woman’s” Statesboro Herald, 1988.

CPPS, Georgia Human Trafficking Fact Sheet, 2013.

N/A, “The GBI’S Unsolved Cases.” AJC, 2017.

N/A, News Channel 6, “Transcript” February 1988.

ACLU, “Report shows fear. . .” 2018.

Barry Paddock et. all, “Baby Hope Case,” New York Daily News, 2013.

Dean Schabner, “Baby Hope Case,” ABC News, 2013.

Simon Maxwell Apter, “A Snaking Tale. . .” NPR, 2009.

Phillip Martin and Jennifer B. McKim, “Illicit Massage Parlors. . .” WGBH, 2018.

N/A, “Trafficking,” Asian-Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, 2018.

US State Department, Trafficking Fact Sheet, 2018.

Robert Kiener, “Human Trafficking and Slavery,” CQ Press, 2012.

Casey Wian, “100k Immigrants Smuggled. . .” CNN News, 1993.

N/A, “Asian Immigrants Abused,” Women and Violence, 1992.

Free for Life International, Human Trafficking Defined, 2018.

Sarah Maslin Nir, “The Price of Nails,” New York Times, 2015.

Justin McIntosh, “The Stubborn Cycle. . .” Columbus Monthly, 2015.

David Lohr, “Study Finds More…” Huffington Post, 2018.

Francis Kelly, “Breaking the Bonds. . .” Toronto Star, 1990.

N/A, “Migrant Likely Dead. . .” Associated Press, 1998.

N/A, “Four Bodies Found…” Associated Press, 2000.

N/A, “Three Bodies Found…” Mercury News Wire Center, 2000.

Allison Williams, “At What Cost?…” LA Times, 2007.

CBS NEWS TRANSCRIPTS, 60 Minutes, CBS, May 2 2010.

Peter Green, “Please Tip In Cash,” Vice, 2018.

Tim Darnell, “Not for Sale,” Atlanta Patch, 2019.

Hemal Jhaveri, “We Talked to. . .” USA Today, 2019.

Amy Lee Womack, “Four Charged…” Macon Telegraph, 2016.

Annita Lucchesi and Abigail Echo Hawk, "Missing and Murdered…” Urban Indian Health Institute, 2018.

Timothy Williams, “He Says He Got Away…”New York Times, 2018.

Joshua Sharpe, “FBI Releases . . .” AJC, 2019.

Lee May, “Immigrant Influx. . .” LA TIMES, 1989.

Theresa Klely, “Migrants Find Land . . .” Anniston Star, 1999.

Craig Webb, “Police Misled Suspect…”; “12-Year-Murder . . .” Akron Beacon Journal, 2003-2004.


2019 All Rights Reserved. Any plagiarism, including but not limited to uncredited adaptation of original research, overreliance (credited or otherwise), structural plagiarism, improper paraphrasing and/or quotation will be seen as copyright/IP infringement.